Recognizing a Concussion

Question 1

A concussion can be caused by

  1. A hit to the head
  2. A hit to the body
  3. Any force that causes the brain to move back and forth in the skull
  4. a and c
  5. All the above

Incorrect. Concussions can be caused by any force that causes the brain to move back and forth or side to side in the skull including hits to the body.

That’s right all the above are true. Concussions can be caused by any force that causes the brain to move back and forth or side to side in the skull including hits to the head and body.

Question 2

Most concussion incidents involve a loss of consciousness.

  1. True
  2. False

That's right. Only 10% of concussion incidents involve a loss of consciousness

Incorrect. Actually, only 10% of concussion incidents involve a loss of consciousness

Question 3

You should suspect a concussion if a student has either hit their head or received a hit that could cause their brain to move rapidly around in their head - even if they do not show any immediate signs or symptoms.

  1. True
  2. False

Thats right. Signs and symptoms of a concussion injury are not always immediate, they may present themselves hours or days later.

Incorrect. Actually, signs and symptoms of a concussion injury are not always immediate, they may present themselves hours or days later.

Responding to a Concussion

Question 1

One of your students tells you he collided with another student during a basketball game at lunch. He says his head hurts, but he has no other symptoms. About 15 minutes later he complains of neck pain. What should you do?

  1. Continue to watch for signs and symptoms of concussion
  2. Send him to the school office by himself
  3. Initiate procedure for calling 9-1-1
  4. Send him home with a parent or guardian

That’s right. Neck pain is one of the red flags and is a medical emergency.

Actually, neck pain is one of the red flags and is a medical emergency, initiate procedure for calling 9-1-1.

Question 2

Asking questions about the date, time of day or the student’s name are good indicators for assessing memory after a possible concussion incident.

  1. True
  2. False

Incorrect. Actually, questions about the date, time of day or the student’s name are not good indicators for assessing memory after a possible concussion incident. The memory questions on the Concussion Response Tool have been developed by a panel of international sports medicine experts and are to be asked immediately following a concussion incident.

That’s right. Questions about the date, time of day or the student’s name are not good indicators for assessing memory after a possible concussion incident. The memory questions on the Concussion Response Tool have been developed by a panel of international sports medicine experts and are to be asked immediately following a concussion incident.

Question 3

You are watching students climb on the playground equipment at recess. One of the students falls and hits her head hard on the ground. The student gets up and wants to continue playing. What should you do?

  1. Stop the student from playing. She should be monitored closely by a responsible adult.
  2. Let the student continue playing. She should be watched closely for any visual clues of a concussion.

That’s right. In the incident you witnessed, her head hit the ground hard. This is enough to consider her as having sustained a concussion. She should stop playing and be monitored closely for red flags and signs and symptoms of a concussion.

Actually, in the incident you witnessed, her head hit the ground hard. This is enough to consider her as having sustained a concussion. She should stop playing and be monitored closely for red flags and signs and symptoms of a concussion.

Recovering from a Concussion

Question 1

On average, how long will a student take to recover from a concussion?

  1. 7-10 days
  2. 2 months
  3. 2-4 weeks
  4. 1 week

That’s right. On average, students will take 2-4 weeks to recover and 85% will fully recover within 3 months. However, each student’s recovery is unique.

Incorrect. On average, students will take 2-4 weeks to recover and 85% will fully recover within 3 months. However, each student’s recovery is unique.

Question 2

A student can return to school immediately following a concussion.

  1. True
  2. False

That’s right. A student’s recovery begins at home with cognitive rest followed by a gradual return to school and activities.

Incorrect. A student’s recovery begins at home with cognitive rest followed by a gradual return to school and activities.

Question 3

A student with a concussion returns to your class after a week of rest at home. What changes might you notice in the student?

  1. Irritability
  2. Sensitivity to light and noise
  3. Fatigue
  4. Slow processing
  5. b and d
  6. All the above

That’s right. You may notice physical, cognitive and emotional changes in a student recovering from a concussion.

All the above is the correct answer. You may notice physical, cognitive and emotional changes in a student recovering from a concussion.

Question 4

A student’s recovery period may be influenced by:

  1. Learning disabilities
  2. Prior concussions
  3. Mental health issues
  4. History of headaches
  5. b and d
  6. All the above

That’s right. All these factors may influence a student’s recovery and put them at risk for a slower recovery period.

All the above is the correct answer. Actually all these factors may influence a student’s recovery and put them at risk for a slower recovery period.

Prepare: Create the Return to Learn Plan

Question 1

You have been asked to be the school contact for a student returning to classes following a concussion. What is your first step?

  1. Create a return to learn plan
  2. Identify the student’s symptoms and needs
  3. Determine the student’s learning accommodations
  4. Identify the student’s support system
  5. Determine school work and attendance expectations

That’s right. Collaboration with the student’s support system will help manage all aspects of the student’s return to learn – at home and at school. The Return to Learn Planning Tool will help you document each step.

Incorrect. Your first step should be to identify the student’s support system. Collaboration with the student’s support system will help manage all aspects of the student’s return to learn – at home and at school. The Return to Learn Planning Tool will help you document each step.

Question 2

When a student with a concussion first returns to school, it is best to support them with minimal learning accommodations in the beginning and then only increase them if needed.

  1. True
  2. False

That’s right. It is best to support a student returning to school with maximum learning accommodations and then decrease them over time.

Incorrect. Actually, it is best to support a student returning to school with maximum learning accommodations and then decrease them over time.

Question 3

The goal of learning accommodations is to support a concussed student to participate in school to the best of their ability and to avoid:

  1. Delaying their recovery
  2. Negatively impacting their grades or social relationships
  3. Exacerbating symptoms
  4. All the above

That’s right. The goal of learning accommodations is to support a concussed student to participate in school to the best of their ability and to avoid all of the above.

All the above is the correct answer. The goal of learning accommodations is to support a concussed student to participate in school to the best of their ability and to avoid: ol li Delaying their recovery li Negatively impacting their grades or social relationships li Exacerbating symptoms

Question 4

Once a student has a concussion, it is easier for them to sustain another one.

  1. True
  2. False

That’s right.

Incorrect. Actually, once a student has a concussion, it is easier for them to sustain another one.

Implement

Question 1

For most students, school work will begin once they return to class.

  1. True
  2. False

That’s right. For most students school work will begin at home in a controlled, low-stimulating environment.

Incorrect. Incorrect. For most students school work will begin at home in a controlled, low-stimulating environment.

Question 2

A student returns to your PE class a few days after sustaining a concussion. He tells you he’s okay to participate. What do you do?

  1. Check to see how he feels after the warm-up drills
  2. Refer to the student’s Return to Learn Plan for information about his physical activity
  3. Have the student sit on the bench while the class plays basketball
  4. b or c

Incorrect. Information from his parent or guardian about physical activity should be documented on his Return to Learn Plan. Unless under written direction from a healthcare professional, the student should NOT participate in any physical activity that puts him at risk for sustaining another concussion.

Either b or c would be appropriate actions. Information from his parent or guardian about physical activity is documented on his Return to Learn Plan. Unless under written direction from a healthcare professional, the student should NOT participate in any physical activity that puts him at risk for sustaining another concussion.

Either c or b would be appropriate actions. If the student does not have a Return to Learn Plan, do not allow him to participate in PE. Unless under written direction from a healthcare professional, the student should NOT participate in any physical activity that puts him at risk for sustaining another concussion.

Correct, either b. or c. would be appropriate actions. If the student does not have a Return to Learn Plan, do not allow him to participate in PE. Unless under written direction from a healthcare professional, the student should NOT participate in any physical activity that puts him at risk for sustaining another concussion.

Question 3

The parent of a student who is away with a concussion asks you for homework and assignments so that her daughter can catch up. What should you do?

  1. Tell the parent that her daughter will be assigned the missed work once she returns to class
  2. Ask the parent if a Return to Learn Plan has been initiated
  3. Provide the parent with the homework and assignments her daughter has missed
  4. Ask the parent if her daughter has been symptom-free for 24 hours

That’s right. For most students school work will begin at home in a controlled, low-stimulating environment. A Return to Learn Plan will outline a gradual introduction of less cognitively demanding work that the student can start at home.

b. is the correct answer, ask the parent if a Return to Learn Plan has been initiated. For most students school work will begin at home in a controlled, low-stimulating environment. A Return to Learn plan will outline a gradual introduction of less cognitively demanding work that the student can start at home.

Policies

Question 1

Comprehensive School Health is a holistic, collaborative approach for building a healthy school community.

  1. True
  2. False

Incorrect. Comprehensive School Health is a holistic, collaborative approach for building a healthy school community with actions addressing four distinct but inter-related pillars: ul li Relationships and Environments li Teaching and Learning li Community Partnerships li Our School Policies

Correct. Comprehensive School Health is a holistic, collaborative approach for building a healthy school community with actions addressing four distinct but inter-related pillars: ul li Relationships and Environments li Teaching and Learning li Community Partnerships li Our School Policies

Question 2

Policies and procedures that support concussion prevention and management might include:

  1. A school district developing a concussion protocol handbook that includes Return to Learn planning
  2. School staff completing the Concussion Awareness Course for School Professionals for professional development
  3. Ensuring that proper equipment is available and used by school teams and if required, on school field trips
  4. All the above

That’s right. Policies and procedures that support concussion prevention and management may include those established by a school district, school administrator or classroom teacher.

All the above is the correct answer. Policies and procedures that support concussion prevention and management may include those established by a school district, school administrator or classroom teacher.

Now that you have completed the modules on RECOGNIZE - RESPOND - RECOVERY - PREPARE and IMPLEMENT, answer the questions that follow to assess your learning.

Final Assessment - Part 1

Now that you are better prepared, here’s another opportunity to answer some of the questions posed in this course.


This student arrives in your classroom on Monday morning and is complaining of a headache. He tells you he sustained a concussion playing hockey on the weekend. What should you do?

  1. Remove the student from the classroom to a quiet environment
  2. Ensure the parent is contacted to find out more information and determine if the student should be at school
  3. Ensure a return to learn plan is initiated
  4. All the above

All the above is the correct answer. Though this is an important step, it takes more than one action to effectively support a student in this situation.

That’s correct. All these actions will effectively support a student in this situation.

When creating the return to learn plan, it is important that the plan be individualized to this student’s own needs.

  1. True
  2. False

That’s right. Every student with a concussion will have a different set of symptoms and a unique recovery.

Actually, every student with a concussion will have a different set of symptoms and a unique recovery so it’s important to create a plan that addresses the student’s own needs.

Unless under the direction of a healthcare professional, this student should not participate in PE, extra-curricular physical activities, or recess and lunch physical activities that put him at risk of falling or receiving a direct hit to the head or a hit to the body.

  1. True
  2. False

That’s right. Once a student sustains a concussion it is easier for them to sustain another one.

Incorrect. Remember, once a student sustains a concussion it is easier for them to sustain another one.

Final Assessment - Part 2

You have just found out that one of your students sustained a concussion and will not be back to school for a couple of days. It is best to start the return to learn plan for this student:

  1. After the student returns to school so you can observe them before deciding on what learning accommodations, if any, they need
  2. The day the student returns to school to allow the student to rest their brain while at home
  3. While the student is still at home so they can begin school work in a more controlled environment
  4. None of the above

Incorrect. Though you won’t always have the opportunity, the best time to create the return to learn plan is when the student is still at home so they can begin school work in a more controlled environment.

That’s right. The best time to create the return to learn plan is when the student is still at home so they can begin school work in a more controlled environment.

At what stage in the Return to Learn Protocol can I assign homework to a student who is recovering from a concussion?

  1. Stage 3
  2. Stage 4
  3. Stage 5
  4. None of the above

Return to Learn Protocol

That’s correct, for most students, homework should not be assigned until the student has begun Stage 4.

Actually, for most students, homework should not be assigned until the student has begun Stage 4.

The Return to Learn Planning Tool:

  1. Identifies and communicates student’s needs
  2. Helps determine and document learning accommodations
  3. Helps guide the response to a concussion incident
  4. Documents what school work and physical activities the student can participate in
  5. a, b and d
  6. all the above

Though this is one important use of the Return to Learn Tool, it also helps determine and document learning accommodations and documents what school work and physical activities the student can participate in

Though this is one important use of the Return to Learn Tool, it also identifies and communicates the student’s needs and documents what school work and physical activities the student can participate in

Incorrect. The Concussion Response Tool will help guide the response to a concussion event. The Return to Learn Tool identifies and communicates the student’s needs; helps determine and document learning accommodations; and documents what school work and physical activities the student can participate in

Though this is one important use of the Return to Learn Tool, it also identifies and communicates the student’s needs and helps determine and document learning accommodations

That’s right. The Return to Learn Tool identifies and communicates the student’s needs; helps determine and document learning accommodations; and documents what school work and physical activities the student can participate in

Incorrect. The Concussion Response Tool will help guide the response to a concussion event. The Return to Learn Tool identifies and communicates the student’s needs; helps determine and document learning accommodations; and documents what school work and physical activities the student can participate in

Congratulations, you're done.


To download or print your certificate of completion, fill in your name below

 

To learn about Policies and Procedures, go back to the School Administrators course and choose Polices from the Sections menu.